Children and adults both tend to have an online presence in the modern world. Increasingly this is unavoidable with everyday functions taking place online rather than in the real world. Homework is set online. Social interaction is online. Research for school topics are online and communication is online in the form of messaging such as instagram, whatsapp. Snapchat etc. Games have moved from the playground and street to online, in a world that is inundated by news of the dangers the world poses, often inaccurately.
The second is that online predators are not restricted by the physical space and the likely repercussions that would make them warier of a direct approach in the EEA and many ongoing real-world situations, where the risk of physical or social damage, for example from a protective relative, would have been high. Online perpetrators can effectively act with little or no personal risk. Some children in the 'bereaved' or 'separated' categories show greater resilience. This is multi factorial, including family, community and school support. It is the aim of the study to investigate how this resilience increases and how it might be increased further.
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This author is supported by the Horizon Centre for Doctoral Training at the University of Nottingham (RCUK Grant No. EP/L015463/1).